Causes of back pain

Back pain is a companion of about a quarter of the country's population, manifests itself once or becomes a habit and accompanies a person for almost a lifetime. Low back pain often affects men and women over the age of 35-45.

In recent years, physical inactivity, malnutrition, overweight, chronic stress, back pain syndrome have become increasingly common in young people and children. Therefore, many people are increasingly worried about what to do if they have back pain.

Back, back pain

Low back pain can be dull, and pain, cramping, and low back pain can also be seen. It can appear on the left or right side of the body, disappear without a trace, or disrupt a person's quality of life and physical activity by constantly returning. Patients complain of severe back pain. It is important for the doctor to determine why the back hurts and for the patient to receive quality treatment.

The doctor examines the lower back for lower back pain

Causes of back pain

Sometimes severe back pain can be caused by excessive physical exertion. Working in the country, overloading the gym, carrying heavy loads, sedentary lifestyle, back pain stimulates the process. However, the pain usually disappears after a few days. However, if relief does not come, you must consult a doctor to find the causes of back pain.

Common causes

Low back pain can have a variety of causes. Pain can be caused by congenital diseases of the spine, malignant or benign tumors of the pelvic organs, infectious processes. There are enough facts that explain why doctors have low back pain. There are the following causes of pain:

  1. Acute or chronic spasm of the back muscles.
  2. Protrusion (protrusion of the intervertebral disc) and herniated intervertebral discs.
  3. Osteochondrosis (degenerative damage to joints or intervertebral discs), spondylosis (deformity, proliferation of vertebral bone tissue), osteoarthritis (damage caused by metabolic diseases).
  4. Ankylosing spondylitis (a chronic disease that immobilizes the spine).

The most common pathological pathology in men and women is osteochondrosis, in which the curvature of the spine, compression of the spinal cord and severe pain in the lower back.

One of the well-known syndromes is lumbago - lumbago, in which the back or sacrum is very painful.

Pain in the lumbar region often pulsates, ruptures in nature, lasts several minutes, but sometimes lasts several hours or days and suddenly disappears.

Dull, painful, subcostal radiation associated with elongation of the renal capsule, pain is characteristic of kidney disease. This can be acute pyelonephritis (an inflammatory process that affects the tubal system of the kidneys) or blockage of the ureter by calculus (stones).

Low back pain develops with persistent allergic syndrome, hormonal imbalance, tuberculosis. In this case, the destruction of the vertebrae occurs.

Symptoms may include low back pain, pancreatitis, duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, and aneurysm of the abdominal aorta. Phlebitis (inflammation of the walls of the venous vessels), proctitis (inflammation of the rectum), and pain in the lower back. Appendicitis or cholecystitis is characterized by pain that spreads to the right side of the lower back.

Different types of herpes can cause back pain. Often, the virus manifests itself not in a rash, but in pain, severe pain. You should contact an infectious disease specialist for advice on taking antiviral medications to learn what medications and how to treat the pain. Belt pain in low back pain is also accompanied by inflammation of the peritoneum, osteochondrosis, sciatica and myositis.

Among women

Back pain in women has various causes. The main ones are pregnancy, menopause, kidney disease, digestive disorders, osteochondrosis or spinal hernia. Such back pain not only causes discomfort, but can also disrupt the menstrual cycle and lead to infertility.

Withdrawal of low back pain occurs with gynecological problems. These can be inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs, endometriosis (abnormal proliferation of the uterine epithelium), cysts in the ovaries, polyps, fibroids or other formations in the uterine cavity.

Only a specialist can determine what causes a woman's back pain. Therefore, you do not need to decide for yourself what to do if your back hurts. First of all, you should consult a gynecologist.

Often women have back pain on critical days. The reasons are a temporary change in the hormonal background, an increase in the amount of estrogen, which increases the body's sensitivity, water retention, increased load on the spine, physiological narrowing of the walls of the uterus.

Back pain during pregnancy occurs in almost every woman, but often does not require treatment. Low back pain is associated with an increase in a pregnant woman's body weight and pressure on the spine, hormonal changes in the body, a slight change in the center of gravity, and a weakening of the musculoskeletal system. lower abdomen.

Sometimes women complain of back pain after childbirth. Experts say that the causes of back pain after childbirth appear after microtraumas of the musculoskeletal system and spinal joints.

Spinal instability is another problem for women of all ages, even if it is a bit obese. Another common cause is damage to the intervertebral discs or joints.

Physical activity, staying upright for a long time causes back pain, back pain, difficulty stretching the body, the desire to lie down and relax as soon as possible. Osteoporosis may develop in the postmenopausal period.

In men

Excessive physical exertion, restless body style, and occupational activities related to working in the cold can cause periodic back pain in men. The culprit for pain in the lower back or groin may be epididymitis - inflammation of the testicles, swelling of the scrotum and fever. A man with prostatitis, an inflammation of the bladder, is worried about dull pain in the left side of the back.

In men over 40, back pain is often caused by herniated discs. It is characterized by coughing, sneezing, back pain during back flexion and difficulty stretching. Low back pain worsens in a vertical position, so these patients tend to lie down faster. A careless hernia and back pain sometimes require surgery.

Specific male diseases and other pathologies listed as chronic low back pain should not be treated without medical supervision. Self-medication can aggravate and complicate the pathological process and result in disability. Lumbar spine treatment can only be performed by certified professionals.

Diagnosis of diseases

If the exact cause of the pain is not yet known, diagnostic measures should begin with a visit to the therapist. Treatment of low back pain should begin after a thorough diagnosis has been made and a definitive diagnosis has been made. The survey includes:

  • anamnesis examination (questioning the patient about the disease);
  • visual examination of painful points;
  • blood and urine tests (general and biochemical);
  • ultrasound examination (ultrasound);
  • X-ray examination of the spine;
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
  • computed tomography (CT).

Because low back pain is not only neurological but also somatic, the patient should be examined by a neurologist, vertebrologist, therapist, and nephrologist. If women have back pain, they must be examined by a gynecologist, and men must consult a urologist.

Treatment of low back pain

After the correct diagnosis of low back pain, the specialist prescribes a special treatment for this pathology, aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease.

If you have back pain, you should not look for answers to the question of how to get rid of back pain from neighbors, acquaintances, the Internet. There are different causes of back pain, so the treatment of each disease is individual. A doctor knows how to treat a patient and how to relieve pain.

The doctor examines an x-ray to determine back pain

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to reduce back pain. These drugs have a negative effect on the lining of the stomach, so they should be taken in combination with drugs that reduce acidity and protect the stomach wall from damage. You can use appropriate ointments or gels for pain as directed by a doctor.

Because back and back pain can have a variety of causes, only specialists can prescribe the appropriate treatment for the spine. Therefore, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible, not self-medicate. Only a doctor can determine why you have back pain and how to get rid of back pain.

Treatment of back pain at home can be carried out only after examination and medical examination, otherwise there may be incurable complications.

If you have low back pain, the treatment can be complicated, ie you can use both traditional and folk methods.


It is better to prevent back pain, then you do not need to look for an answer to the question of how to treat back pain. The rules of prevention are simple but effective. The main thing is not to forget to do them.

According to statistics, more than 25-30% of people experience this condition when they have back pain. Preventive planned monitoring of the state of health allows you to consult a doctor in a timely manner, to determine the initial pathology, to determine why you have pain in the lower back, why you have low back pain.

Morning exercises, jogging, brisk walking, exercising in the gym, swimming are the main physical activities necessary for the back and lumbar muscles. At least 20-30 minutes a day, without strong stress, overload will help strengthen muscle tissue.

exercise therapy for back pain

You need to adjust your body weight to reduce the stress on your spine. Excess weight and physical inactivity are the enemies of the spine.

Diets on the Internet to lose weight properly should not bother you. It is best to consult a dietitian or doctor for advice on nutrition and maintaining a water-salt balance.

Routine medical examinations are important to prevent back pain in the lower back. Women should see a gynecologist every year, men - a urologist. Many diseases of the spine begin in childhood.

Parents should closely monitor the child's health, teach them to exercise, activate children's games and correct posture. School-age children should have regular medical check-ups every year before the start of the school year.

If you have low back pain, a positive attitude, confidence in success, adherence to all the recipes of specialists allows you to reduce the pain or get rid of it completely, to lead a full-fledged lifestyle.