Symptoms and features of osteoarthritis of the hip joint

signs of osteoarthritis of the hip joint

Arthrosis of the hip joint, or in other words, coxarthrosis, is a serious pathology characterized by the destruction of the articular layer of cartilage in this area of the skeletal system, causing more damage to other components: adjacent muscles, bursa, pelvis.

Deformative osteoarthritis is especially dangerous because it leads not only to the thinning of cartilage, but also to the growth of bones, which threatens irreversible consequences.

Active osteoarthritis contributes to the development of vascular sclerosis of the articular head with the growth of numerous cysts. The consequences of the disease will be severe deformities, dysfunction of one or both hip joints. Coxarthrosis of the joint is not only associated with age-related changes in the bone system, but also manifests itself in children with congenital hip dislocation, dysplasia.

Osteoarthritis of the hip joint: symptoms

Symptoms of pelvic bone damage vary from patient to patient, but the most common are:

  • The leading place among them is the pain syndrome in which the patient suffers not only after physical exertion, but also at rest. Painful sensations are localized in the thighs, groin, knees. Pain is not always static, as the disease progresses, its location, intensity, and duration change;
  • Restriction of motor activity of the musculoskeletal system leads to stiffness of human movements, lameness, and sometimes shortening of the joint due to spasm of the gluteal muscles;
  • The acute phase is characterized by the inability to bring the affected leg to the body or to take it in a sleeping position. Joint squeaks are heard during the movements.

There are three stages of coxarthrosis. In the first stage of the pathology, the painful sensations intensify if they pass after a short rest. The hip joints are threatened by immobility and are difficult to cope with due to atrophic changes in the thigh, back and lower leg muscles.

The main causes of the lesion

  1. The risk of developing osteoarthritis is often found in groups of people with metabolic diseases, genetic features in the structure of the skeletal system, and weakness of cartilage tissue.
  2. But most often before the appearance of this pathology comes some diseases associated with malnutrition, blood supply to the femoral head, such as Peters disease. During childhood, it manifests itself mainly in boys.
  3. Congenital dislocation of the hip also leads to the development of joint pathologies of the pelvis.
  4. Injuries in the form of fractures, dislocations lead to the development of diseases of the hip joints.
  5. Inflammatory processes in the bones, such as arthritis of various etiologies, cause damage to joint tissue.
  6. Also, leading a sedentary lifestyle, hormonal disorders in the body, engaging in strenuous exercise only leads to the development of arthritic changes in the hip joints.

Therapeutic treatment of osteoarthritis

There is a possibility of surgery in an advanced pathological condition. However, in the early stages of development, deformed osteoarthritis is treated conservatively in the hospital or at home.

Treatment with drugs

Several main types of drugs are used to treat the disease:

  • Non-steroidal drugs are often produced in the form of tablets, capsules and gels. These are effective anti-inflammatory, analgesic substances that eliminate swelling, reduce pain and stop the pathological process in the tissues. Tablets, capsules, drugs are taken first with forty milligrams, then reduced to twenty for two days with food. The gel is rubbed three times a day with massage movements. Carefully prescribe medication to elderly patients with heart failure, pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. You should not drink alcohol or drive while using it;
  • The agent, which is a chondroprotective agent, restores metabolic processes, the function of the cartilaginous tissues of the hip joint and reduces pain. They take one and a half grams daily for six weeks. Thanks to such drugs, it will be possible to feel an improvement in the condition of the hip joint after three months;
  • Helps to relax smooth muscles, relieve spasms of small blood vessels, improve blood properties, increase resistance to hypoxia. Take two tablets once a day with meals;
  • Muscle relaxant aims to normalize blood circulation and reduce muscle pain. One tablet is prescribed three times a day. The drug is contraindicated for people with severe liver pathology;
  • Corticosteroids are used only for extremely severe forms of the disease when other drugs do not provide relief. Some of these drugs have strong anti-inflammatory effects. Often a solution of the drug is injected intramuscularly, starting at one hundred milliliters every six hours. Used successfully for application using ultrasound (phonophoresis, electrophoresis).

For such joint pathology, treatment with warming ointments is rarely used, because it is very difficult for foreign agents to pass through the layers of fat, skin and muscle to the lesion.

We treat coxarthrosis at home

Time-tested traditional medicine prescriptions should also be used to treat coxarthrosis.

  1. The pulp of three lemons, 250 grams of celery root and 120 grams of garlic are passed through a meat grinder and placed in a three-liter bowl, after which a mixture is poured with boiling water. The infusion is taken half a glass a day, half an hour before breakfast.
  2. Boil a glass of calamus and astragalus in water for five minutes. After brewing, add the solution to a warm bath. It is good to do gymnastics to improve the mobility of the pelvic joints after medical procedures.
  3. One kilogram of unsalted beef cloves cooked with aspic is very useful for joint diseases. You need to eat two hundred grams half an hour before a meal.
  4. Jerusalem artichoke, pine branches, sea salt, honey bath will ease the patient's condition. Iodine and lard will enhance the effect of the network. It will also help compress horseradish gruel mixed with honey applied to the sore area after taking a bath.

Of course, treatment with folk remedies will only weaken some of the symptoms of the disease, not completely eliminate them, but will be effective in combination with other methods.

Medical procedures can help with pelvic osteoarthritis

The procedures prescribed by specialists for the successful treatment of coxarthrosis have a beneficial local effect on the tissues of the affected part of the skeletal system of the human body:

  • Moving at low temperatures in the painful areas of the pelvic bones, cryotherapy stimulates blood flow to them, metabolic processes in the tissues. Partial immersion of the body in an environment of liquid nitrogen with a body temperature of minus one hundred to minus one hundred and sixty will help to eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of arthritis pain and restore motor function;
  • Infrared radiation is used for pain in muscle tissue and nerve endings. Before the phototherapy procedure, the affected area should be lubricated with gel, then move for thirty minutes with the help of a special device in the area of pain. To prevent allergic reactions, a mandatory test is performed before the session and then the appropriate radiation dose is selected;
  • Pulling or pulling the hip joint is an extension of the joints to prevent wear and increase the space between them. The procedure is performed using a specialist himself or a traction unit. In the upper position, a load is hung on a special belt from the waist while straightening the patient's shoulder girdle and chest. The weight of the load depends on the person's weight, height, age and weight. After such an operation, the patient is advised to rest for a long time.

Physical therapy and massage should be prescribed for deformity of the hip joint, as this will help improve blood circulation and relieve muscle tension and pain.

Prevention of recurrence of articular pathology

Successful treatment of any disease of the bone system must be combined to prevent the disease from recurring.

  1. Daily gymnastics, thigh and hip massage will help to develop the hip joint. Swimming exercises have a positive effect on the condition of the pelvis and hips.
  2. Prevention of joint pathologies is not complete without a balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, seafood, chicken, turkey.
  3. Traditional medicine recipes will also strengthen muscles and bones, so the use of herbal compresses and containers is mandatory.

And most importantly, do not overload your joints, muscles with work, long walks, jogging. You should see a doctor immediately when the first signs of pain appear.

The materials on this page are for informational purposes only and are for educational purposes only. Determining the diagnosis and choosing the method of treatment is the exclusive prerogative of your attending physician.