Causes of back pain, diagnosis and treatment methods

back, back pain

Back pain is an unpleasant symptom of some diseases caused by excessive tension of muscle tissue and other causes. It develops when the structure of the spine, nerve tissues or skin changes. Pain occurs when there is a problem in some internal organs. Depending on the location of the pain, it is possible to determine which part of the body is damaged. If the symptom spreads to both sides of the dorsal region, there is symptomatology, you should consult a medical facility. Doctors will diagnose, determine the cause of the symptom and relieve the pain.

Causes of back pain

About 80% of the population suffers from back pain, the syndrome develops more as the disease progresses. The main causes of back pain are spinal injuries:

  • osteomyelitis characterized by bone marrow damage;
  • tumors of a malignant nature, manifesting themselves in the form of pain in the lower back;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • displacement of vertebral discs;
  • fractures of the spine;
  • scoliosis;
  • osteochondrosis and narrowing of the spinal canals;
  • chronic muscle pain;
  • damage to cartilage tissue.

There are reasons for this symptom that are not related to spinal diseases.

  • bleeding in the pelvic region;
  • compression of the nerve roots in the chest causing pain during breathing;
  • large blood cells in the retroperitoneal region;
  • ulcerative focus characterized by pain in the shoulder blades;
  • disorders of the renal system;
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract causing unilateral pain;
  • gynecological diseases, pain in the lumbar muscles;
  • lung neoplasm;
  • infectious diseases of internal organs;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • formation of calculations in the renal system;
  • inflammation of the joints;
  • appendicitis;
  • dysfunction of organs located in the abdomen.

Types of back pain

Depending on the nature of the pain, the causes of the pain are determined. There are several types of pain:

Suffering from back pain


  • compression of the nervous process, displacement of the intervertebral disc;
  • Physical injuries after a fall, surgery required;
  • diseases of the internal organs;
  • vertebral deformities.

Acute pain requires medical attention. It will not be possible to make an accurate diagnosis.

Back pain with a knife

Painful sensations develop in the lumbar region. Causes of dagger pain:

  • spasm of piriform muscle tissue;
  • neoplasms;
  • third trimester of child;
  • Inflammatory process with hypothermia.

Suffering from back pain

Developed in the lower back when exposed to the following factors:

  • osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine;
  • intense physical activity;
  • stay in a restless state for a long time;
  • old back injury.

Low back pain after training

Developed in professional athletes due to excessive tension of muscle tissues. If you have back pain after training, you should rest your body and relax your muscles.

Diagnostic methods

Physician to determine the location of the lesion and determine the cause of pain

performs a number of diagnostic tests. The anamnesis is taken from the patient, the duration and intensity of the development of painful feelings are taken into account. The specialist palpates the back. The patient is prescribed to donate blood and urine. X-rays, computed tomography, MRI should be performed. If necessary, contrast radiography is used. After receiving the results, the doctor prepares a course of treatment.

Typically, clinics use the following diagnostic methods:

  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Examination (comprehensive examination of the body)
  • Computerized electroencephalography
  • Computer spinal topography
  • Duplex Scanning
  • Ultrasound
  • CT (computed tomography)

Which doctor should you contact

If you are worried about chronic pain, consult an orthopedist - most likely it is caused by diseases of the musculoskeletal system. If the pain is severe, in the form of lumbago, consult a neurologist.

Back Pain Treatment

In case of severe pain, a cold compress is allowed until doctors arrive, and antispasmodics are allowed to relieve the pain. The patient should rest. Prescribes medications, physiotherapy procedures, manual treatments, massage procedures to treat the disease. If necessary, a medical corset is used to reduce the load on the muscle tissues of the spine and spine.

In severe cases and specific diseases, such as malignant neoplasms, surgical treatment is used.

Modern medical centers use the following methods to treat low back pain:

  • Manual therapy
  • Physiotherapy
  • Massage Therapy
  • Orthopedic Insoles
  • Reflexology
  • Ozone treatment
  • Learn more about the service
  • SVF Joint Therapy
  • Pharmacopoeia
  • Pediatric orthopedic clinical examination


If left untreated for a disease that causes back pain, a number of complications are possible:

  • The patient has difficulty walking due to severe pain;
  • disorders of the heart system, lungs, organs of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • migraine develops, tinnitus and dizziness attacks appear;
  • disrupted the functioning of the organs in the pelvic region;
  • Paralysis of the upper and lower extremities is possible.

Prevention of low back pain

Follow these instructions to avoid back pain:

  • timely treatment of diseases of the renal system, gastrointestinal tract, spine and lungs;
  • Avoid strenuous physical activity;
  • manage posture;
  • sleep in the correct position, bedding should be of high quality;
  • Avoid sudden back movements;
  • to undergo timely preventive examinations by doctors;
  • to manage body weight;
  • stop drinking alcohol and smoking, take drugs;
  • eat a balanced diet;
  • Do back exercises once an hour while sitting at work or on the computer;
  • Take a course of chondroprotectors every 6 months.